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During the Age of Colonialism, many cultures across the globe were exposed to the modern Western world via colonialism, usually accompanied and often preceded by intensive Christian missionary activity (see "Christianization").
Beliefs related to witchcraft and magic in these cultures were at times influenced by the prevailing Western concepts.
The Western mainstream Christian view is far from the only societal perspective about witchcraft.
Many cultures worldwide continue to have widespread practices and cultural beliefs that are loosely translated into English as "witchcraft", although the English translation masks a very great diversity in their forms, magical beliefs, practices, and place in their societies.
July 2013 — Chelsea is convicted of 17 of the 22 charges against her but acquitted of “aiding the enemy.” The following month, she is sentenced to 35 years in prison.
She has been incarcerated for seven years — far less than the 35 years to which she was sentenced, but longer than any whistleblower in U. Below is a timeline covering some of the basics of her case.We argue that her prosecution under the Espionage Act of 1917, which does not allow defendants to argue that their disclosures were in the public interest, violated the Constitution and should be overturned. September 2016 — Chelsea ends a hunger strike she launched in protest of the army’s refusal to provide her with medical treatment related to her gender dysphoria, after receiving assurances from the military that it would grant her request for gender transition surgery — a first for a transgender inmate. This is the heaviest sentence handed down to a whistleblower or leaker in U. The military, despite its own diagnosis of Chelsea’s gender dysphoria, responds by stating that it does “not provide hormone therapy or sex-reassignment surgery for gender identity disorder.” September 2014 — The ACLU sues the Department of Defense over its refusal to provide Chelsea medical treatment for gender dysphoria.February 2015 — Prompted by over a year of litigation, the army begins to treat Chelsea with hormone therapy.